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|Wysłany: Wto Cze 11, 2019 03:20 Temat postu: Introduction Products are goods produced by converting raw
Products are goods produced by converting raw materials through the use of labour and indirect manufacturing resources Marlon Humphrey Womens Jersey , such as manufacturing plant, land, and machinery. Televisions, hamburgers, automobiles, computers, clothes and furniture are examples of products. Cost is divided into direct and indirect cost in terms of degree of traceability to the product. Product costs are those costs Justin Tucker Womens Jersey , both direct and indirect, of producing a product in a manufacturing firm or of acquiring a product in a merchandising firm and preparing it for sale.
Costs which are easily traceable or identifiable with a product are called direct costs. If output units are the objects of costing, then direct costs represent costs and resources that can be traced to or identified with the finished product. Direct materials, direct labour and direct expenses are examples of direct costs.
Direct Materials and Direct Labour
Direct materials are those materials that are a part of the final product and can be directly traced to the foods being produced. The cost of those materials can be directly charges to products because physical observations can be used to measure the quantity used by each product. Materials that become part of a product usually classified as direct materials.
Direct labour is the labour that can be directly traced to the goods being produced. Physical observation can be used to measure the amount of labour used to produce a product. Those employees who convert direct materials into a product are classified as direct labor.
Indirect costs are those costs which cannot be identifies with, or traced to a single product because they are incurred for several products. The examples of indirect costs are indirect materials, salary of factory supervisors, rent C.J. Mosley Womens Jersey , rates and depreciation. Indirect costs, often referred to as overheads, have to be apportioned to different products.
Indirect Materials and Indirect Labour
Indirect materials are the materials which do not form a part of the product but, help in the production of the product. The expenses incurred on such materials is known as indirect material cost for eg: lubricating oil, nails, screws, cotton waste Ravens Lardarius Webb Jersey , etc.
Indirect labour is the cost of labour not directly involved in the production of the product for eg. Supervisor, watchman, repairs and maintenance workers, etc. The cost of labour in such cases cannot be directly identified with the product, job or process of production.
Costs also may be direct or indirect with respect to particular company segments or divisions. That is some cost which are indirect for a product, may be traced to a segment or department and thus, will be direct costs for that department. A segment may mean any one of the number of things Ravens Eric Weddle Jersey , namely department, division, specific activity, sales territory and the like.
Orthodontist: Learn What to Expect from Orthodontic Treatment Health Articles | July 1, 2011
If you think you need braces, you should visit your local orthodontist. Learn what to expect from your first and subsequent visits.聽
If you are considering visiting an orthodontist to get braces, it is a good idea to find out what to expect. You will probably have orthodontic treatment for the next few years Ravens Tony Jefferson Jersey , so it is helpful to know what to prepare for. Get an idea of the types of appointments you will have, and what will occur at each one.聽
Your initial appointment with your new orthodontist will be a chance to get to know him or her, and also to ask questions about procedures. You are probably wondering how long you will have to wear braces, which kind you can get, and how often your maintenance visits will be. Only your practitioner can answer the questions since the responses vary for each patient, depending on how crooked your teeth are, as well as the preferences of your doctor. Additionally Ravens Jeremy Maclin Jersey , at the first visit, you can expect to get x-rays taken of your mouth so your orthodontist knows how to begin treatment. Impressions of your teeth will also be taken, and your braces may even be put on at this point if you are comfortable with the process already.聽
You can expect to have routine appointments for several months or a few years after the initial visit, as you will need to get the braces tightened frequently. In some cases, the wires will need to be changed out, whether one is broken or your orthodontist has other reasons for exchanging the wires. The progress of your teeth will also be checked during these visits, as this will ensure that the treatment is working. The frequency and time length of your routine visits will vary Ravens Nico Siragusa Jersey , but you can typically expect to see your practitioner at least every few months, for about 30 minutes to an hour each time.聽
Some patients are not interested in traditional braces, but Invisalign, which many orthodontists now offer as an alternative. This product involves getting a new aligner frequently as your teeth become straighter over time, as the aligner is custom made for your mouth. You can take it out when you need to, but the longer you keep the aligner in your mouth, the sooner you will get a straight smile. In addition Ravens Tim Williams Jersey , it is nearly impossible for others to see it, so you will not need to take it out anyway, even for special events. People will probably notice over time that your teeth are slowly straightening out, and you may have to tell them why since this product is so hard to notice.聽
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