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1898

 
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Doczy: 23 Lip 2013
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PostWysany: Wto Lip 23, 2013 20:54    Temat postu: 1898 Odpowiedz z cytatem

1898
This article is about the year 1898.
\n
Year1898(MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar.
Events[img]//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/24/World_1898_empires_colonies_territory.png/220px-World_1898_empires_colonies_territory.png[/img]1898 world map


January–March
- January 1 – New York City annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The city is geographically divided into five boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, The Bronx, and Staten Island.
- February 12 – The electric car belonging to Henry Lindfield of Brighton runs away on a hill in Purley, London, England, and hits a tree; thus he becomes the world's first fatality from an automobile accident on the public highway.
- January 13 – Novelist Émile Zola's open letter to the President of the French Republic on the Dreyfus affair,J'accuse, is published on the front page of the Paris daily newspaperL'Aurore, accusing the government of wrongfully imprisoning Alfred Dreyfus and of antisemitism.
- February 15 – Spanish-American War: The USSMaineexplodes and sinks in Havana harbor, Cuba, for then-unknown reasons, killing 266 men. This event helps lead the United States to declare war on Spain.[img]//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/14/USS_Maine_h60255a.jpg/200px-USS_Maine_h60255a.jpg[/img]February 15: USSMaineis sunk.


- March 24 – Robert Allison of Port Carbon, Pennsylvania, becomes the first person to buy an American-built automobile when he buys a Winton automobile that had been advertised inScientific American.
- March 26 – The Sabi Game Reserve in South Africa, the first officially designated game reserve, is created.
April–June
- April 5 – Annie Oakley promotes the service of women in combat situations with the United States military. On this day, she writes a letter to President McKinley "offering the government the services of a company of 50 'lady sharpshooters' who would provide their own arms and ammunition should war break out with Spain." In the history of women in the military, there are records of female U.S. Revolutionary and Civil War soldiers who enlisted using male pseudonyms, but Oakley's letter represents possibly the earliest political move towards women's rights for combat service in the United States military.
- April 22 – Spanish-American War: The United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports and the USSNashvillecaptures a Spanish merchant ship.
- April 25 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares war on Spain; the U.S. Congress announces that a state of war has existed since April 21 (later backdating this one more day to April 20).
- May 1 – Spanish-American War – Battle of Manila Bay: Commodore Dewey destroys the Spanish squadron. The first battle of the war, as well as the first battle in the Philippines Campaign.
- May 2 – Thousands of Chinese scholars and Beijing citizens protest in front of the Capital Control Yuan, asking for reform.
- May 7–May 9 – Bava-Beccaris massacre: Hundreds of demonstrators are killed when General Fiorenzo Bava-Beccaris orders troops to fire on a rally in Milan, Italy (in 1900, King Umberto I of Italy is killed in an act of vengeance for his praise of the shooting).
- May 8 – The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
- May 12 – Bombardment of San Juan, the first major battle of the Puerto Rico Campaign during the Spanish-American War.
- May 27 – The territory of Kwang-Chou-Wan is leased by China to France, according to the Treaty of 12 April 1892, as theTerritoire de Kouang-Tchéou-Wan, forming part of French Indochina.
- May 28 – Secondo Pia takes the first photographs of the Shroud of Turin and discovers that the image on Shroud itself appears to be a photographic negative.[img]//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4d/Philippines_Flag_Original.svg/200px-Philippines_Flag_Original.svg.png[/img]The original flag of the Philippines as conceived by General Emilio Aguinaldo. The blue is of a lighter shade than the currently mandated royal blue, the sun has eight points as currently but many more rays and it has a mythical face.


- June 1 – The Trans-Mississippi Exposition World's Fair opens in Omaha, Nebraska.
- June 12 – Philippine Declaration of Independence: General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain.
- June 13 – Yukon Territory is formed, with Dawson chosen as its capital.
- June 21 – Spanish–American War: The United States captures Guam making it the first U.S. overseas territory.
July–September
- July 1 – The British government makes a 99 year rent of Hong Kong from China
- July 3 – Joshua Slocum completes a 3-year solo circumnavigation of the world.
- July 7 – The United States annexes the Hawaiian Islands.
- July 17 – Spanish-American War – Battle of Santiago Bay: Troops under United States General William R. Shafter take the city of Santiago de Cuba from the Spanish.
- July 25 – Spanish-American War: The United States invasion of Puerto Rico begins with a landing at Guánica Bay.
- August 12 – Spanish-American War: Hostilities end between American and Spanish forces in Cuba.
- August 20 – Opening of the Gornergratbahn railway, connecting Zermatt to the Gornergrat.
- August 23 – The Southern Cross Expedition, the first British venture of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, sets sail from London.
- August 25 – 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece, leading to the establishment of the autonomous Cretan State.
- August 28 – Caleb Bradham names his soft drinkPepsi-Cola.
- September 2 – Battle of Omdurman: British and Egyptian troops led by Horatio Kitchener defeat Sudanese tribesmen led by Khalifa Abdullah al-Taashi, thus establishing British dominance in the Sudan.
- September 10 – Luigi Lucheni assassinates Empress Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary.
- September 18 – Fashoda incident: A diplomatic dispute between France and the United Kingdom ends in victory for the British.
- September 21 – Empress Dowager Cixi of China engineers a coup d'etat, marking the end of the Hundred Days' Reform; the Guangxu Emperor is arrested.
October–December
- October 1 – The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the nameK.U.K. Exportakademie.
- October 3 – Battle of Sugar Point: Ojibwe tribesmen defeat U.S. government troops in northern Minnesota.
- October 6 – The Sinfonia Club, later to become the Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity, is founded at the New England Conservatory in Boston, Massachusetts.
- October 12 – The first town council is established in Mateur (Tunisia).[img]//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/f/f6/Boston-MA-blizzard-snow-train-November-27-1898-photo.jpg/190px-Boston-MA-blizzard-snow-train-November-27-1898-photo.jpg[/img]November 26: blizzard.


- October 31 – Lutheran Church of the Redeemer, Jerusalem, is dedicated.
- November 26 – A 2-day blizzard known as the Portland Gale piles snow in Boston, Massachusetts, and severely impacts the Massachusetts fishing industry and several coastal New England towns.
- December 9 – The first of the two Tsavo Man-Eaters is shot by John Henry Patterson; the second is killed 3 weeks later, after 135 workers have been killed by the lions.
- December 10 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Spanish-American War.
- December 26 – Marie and Pierre Curie announce discovery of a substance they callradium.
- December 29 (December 17 Old Style) – Moscow Art Theatre production ofThe Seagullby Chekhov opens.
Date unknown
- Exploits of Louis de Rougemont begin to appear inWide World Magazine.
- North Petherton becomes the first town in England to install Acetylene lighting.
- John Jacob Abel isolates epinephrine (adrenaline).
- William Ramsay and Morris Travers discover neon.
- Wakita is founded in the Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma.
- The Fork Union Military Academy is founded.
- The British conquer and burn Benin City.
- Wilhelm van Berkel invents the Berkel meat slicer, the first meat slicer in Rotterdam.
- As a result of the merger of several small oil companies, John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Company controls 84% of the USA's oil and most American pipelines.
- Henry Adams Consulting Engineers founded by Henry Adams (mechanical engineer) in Baltimore, Maryland. The firm is still in business to this day. (1898–Present)
- In Essen German company RWE is founded.
Births
January–March
- January 9 – Gracie Fields, British singer, actress and comedienne (d. 1979)
- January 16 – Margaret Booth, American film editor (d. 2002)
- January 21 – Ahmad Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia (d. 1930)
- January 22 – Elazar Shach, Haredi rabbi (d. 2001)
- January 23
Sergei Eisenstein, Russian film director (d. 1948)
- Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (d. 1948)

- January 26 – Katarzyna Kobro, Russian sculptor (d. 1951)
- February 1 – Leila Denmark, American pediatrician (d. 2012)
- February 3 – Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (d. 1976)
- February 10 – Bertolt Brecht, German writer (d. 1956)
- February 11 – Leó Szilárd, Hungarian-American physicist (d. 1964)
- February 12
Wallace Ford, British actor (d. 1966)
- Roy Harris, American composer (d. 1979)

- February 14
Raúl Scalabrini Ortiz, Argentine writer, journalist, essayist and poet (d. 1959)
- Fritz Zwicky, Swiss physicist and astronomer (d. 1974)

- February 15 – Allen Woodring, American runner (d. 1982)
- February 18
Enzo Ferrari, Italian race car driver and automobile manufacturer (d. 1988)
- Luis Muñoz Marín, Puerto Rican poet, journalist and politician (d. 1980)

- February 24 – Kurt Tank, German aeronautical engineer (d. 1983)
- February 28 – Hugh O'Flaherty, Irish Catholic priest (d. 1963)
- March 3 – Emil Artin, Austrian mathematician (d. 1962)
- March 4 – Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1940)
- March 5 – Misao Okawa, Japanese Supercentenarian, Last survivor from 1898
- March 11 – Dorothy Gish, American actress (d. 1968)
- March 14 – Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
- March 23 – Erich Bey, German admiral (d. 1943)
- March 25 – Marcelle Narbonne, French supercentenarian, oldest European living person (d. 2012)
- March 31 – Hermann van Pels, German-Dutch father of Peter van Pels, housemate of Anne Frank (d. 1944)
April–June
- April 1 – William James Sidis, American mathematician (d. 1944)
- April 3 – George Jessel, American comedian (d. 1981)
- April 4 – Agnes Ayres, American actress (d. 1940)
- April 6 – Jeanne Hébuterne, French painter (d. 1920)
- April 26
Vicente Aleixandre, Spanish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1984)
- John Grierson, Scottish documentary filmmaker (d. 1972)

- May 3 – Golda Meir, Prime Minister of Israel (d. 1978)
- May 5 – Blind Willie McTell, American singer (d. 1959)
- May 5 – Elsie Eaves, American civil engineer (d. 1983)
- May 13
Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah, King of Malaysia (d. 1960)
- Justin Tuveri, Italian veteran of the First World War (d. 2007)

- May 15 – Arletty, French model and actress (d. 1992)
- May 16 – Tamara de Lempicka, Art Deco painter (d. 1980)
- May 17 – Alfred Joseph Casson, Canadian painter (d. 1992)
- May 21 – Armand Hammer, American entrepreneur and art collector (d. 1990)
- May 23 – Scott O'Dell, American author (d. 1989)
- May 24 – Helen B. Taussig, American cardiologist (d. 1986)
- May 31 – Dr. Norman Vincent Peale, American clergyman (d. 1993)
- June 2 – Marie-Thérèse Bardet, French supercentenarian, oldest European living person (d. 2012)
- June 3 – Stuart H. Ingersoll, American admiral (d. 1983)
- June 4 – Harry Crosby, American publisher and poet (d. 1929)
- June 5 – Federico García Lorca, Spanish poet (d. 1936)
- June 6 – Ninette de Valois, Irish dancer and founder of The Royal Ballet, London (d. 2001)
- June 17
M. C. Escher, Dutch artist (d. 1972)
- Harry Patch, British WWI soldier, last Tommy Atkins (d. 2009)

- June 22 – Erich Maria Remarque, German writer (d. 1970)
July–September
- July 2 – Gen Paul, French artist (d. 1975)
- July 3 – Donald Healey, English motor engineer and race car driver (d. 1988)
- July 6 – Hanns Eisler, German composer (d. 1962)
- July 7 – Maria Nunes da Silva Portuguese supercentenarian (d. 2011)
Arnold Horween, Harvard Crimson and NFL football player (d. 1985)

- July 14 – Youssef Wahbi, Egyptian actor and film director (d. 1982)
- July 17
Berenice Abbott, American photographer (d. 1991)
- George Robert Vincent, American sound recording pioneer (d. 1985)

- July 22
Stephen Vincent Benét, American writer (d. 1943)
- Alexander Calder, American artist (d. 1976)

- July 28 – Lawrence Gray, American actor (d. 1970)
- July 29 – Isidor Isaac Rabi, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1968)
- July 30 – Henry Moore, English sculptor (d. 1986)
- August 15 – Jan Brzechwa, Polish poet (d. 1966)
- August 18 – Lance Sharkey, Australian Communist Leader (d. 1967)
- August 20 – Leopold Infeld, Polish physicist (d. 1968)
- August 26 – Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector (d. 1979)
- August 29 – Preston Sturges, American director and writer (d. 1959)
- September 10 – Bessie Love, American actress (d. 1986)
- September 13 – Roger Désormière, French conductor (d. 1963)
- September 19 – Giuseppe Saragat, former President of Italy (d. 1988)
- September 22 – Katherine Alexander, American actress (d. 1981)
- September 24 – Howard Walter Florey, Australian-born pharmacologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1968)
- September 25 – Robert Brackman, American artist (d. 1980)
- September 26 – George Gershwin, American composer (d. 1937)
- September 29 – Trofim Lysenko, Russian biologist (d. 1976)
- September 30
Renée Adorée, French actress (d. 1933)
- Princess Charlotte of Monaco (d. 1977)

October–December
- October 7 – Joe Giard, American baseball player (d. 1956)
- October 10
Lilly Daché, French milliner (d. 1989)
- Marie Pierre Koenig, French general and politician (d. 1970)

- October 15 – Boughera El Ouafi, Algerian athlete (d. 1959)
- October 18 – Lotte Lenya, Austrian actress and singer (d. 1981)
- November 4 – Joe Dougherty, first voice of Porky Pig (d. 1978)
- November 8 – Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (d. 1937)
- November 12 – Leon Štukelj, Slovene gymnast (d. 1999)
- November 17 – Maurice Journeau, French composer (d. 1999)
- November 18 – Joris Ivens, Dutch director (d. 1989)
- November 19 – Arthur R. von Hippel, German-born physicist (d. 2003)
- November 21 – René Magritte, Belgian artist (d. 1967)
- November 26 – Karl Ziegler, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
- November 29 – C. S. Lewis, British author (d. 1963)
- November 30 – Firpo Marberry, American baseball pitcher (d. 1976)
- December 2 – Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I pilot (d. 1918)
- December 5 – Clarine Seymour, American actress (d. 1920)
- December 6 – Alfred Eisenstaedt, American photojournalist (d. 1995)
- December 14 – Lillian Randolph, American actress and singer (d. 1980)
- December 19 – Zheng Zhenduo, Chinese author and translator (d. 1958)
- December 20 – Irene Dunne, American actress (d. 1990)
- December 24 – Baby Dodds, American jazz drummer (d. 1959)
- December 31 – Istvan Dobi, former Hungarian leader (d. 1968)
Date unknown
- Mariya Klenova, Russian marine geologist (d. 1976)
Deaths
January–June
- January 3 – Lawrence Sullivan Ross, Confederate brigadier general, Texas governor, and president of Texas A&M University (b.1838)
- January 14 – Lewis Carroll, British writer, mathematician (Alice in Wonderland) (b. 1832)
- January 16 – Charles Pelham Villiers, longest-serving MP in the British House of Commons (b. 1802)
- January 18 – Henry George Lidell, Dean of Christ Church, Oxford (b. 1811)
- February 16 – Thomas Bracken, author of the official national anthem of New Zealand (God Defend New Zealand) (b. 1843)
- March 1 – George Bruce Malleson, Indian http://www.statsaholic.com/zaopatrzeniemasarni.pl/ officer and author (b. 1825)
- March 10 – George Müller, Prussian evangelist and founder of the Ashley Down orphanage (b. 1805)
- March 15 – Henry Bessemer, British engineer and inventor (b. 1813)
- March 16 – Aubrey Beardsley, British artist (b. 1872)
- March 18 – Matilda Joslyn Gage, American feminist (b. 1826)
- March 27 – Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Indian university founder (b. 1817)
- April 15 – Kepa Te Rangihiwinui, Maori military leader
- April 18 – Gustave Moreau, French painter (b. 1826)
- May 19 – William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)
July–December
- July 1 – Siegfried Marcus, Austrian automobile pioneer (b. 1831)
- July 5 – Richard Pankhurst, (b. 1834)
- July 12 – Louis-François Richer Laflèche, Roman Catholic Bishop of Trois-Rivières, Native American missionary (b. 1818)
- July 30 – Otto von Bismarck, German statesman (b. 1815)
- August 8 – Eugène Boudin, French painter (b. 1824)
- September 2 – Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
- September 5 – Sarah Emma Edmundson, Canadian nurse and spy (b. 1841)
- September 9 – Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (b. 1842)
- September 10 – Elisabeth of Bavaria, empress consort of Austria, queen consort of Hungary (assassinated) (b. 1837)
- September 16 – Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (b. 1827)
- September 20 – Theodor Fontane, German writer (b. 1819)
- September 26 – Fanny Davenport, American actress (b. 1850)
- September 28 – Tan Sitong, Chinese revolutionary (executed) (b. 1865)
- September 29 – Louise of Hesse-Kassel, German princess, Queen Consort of Christian IX of Denmark (b. 1817)
- October 24 – Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
- November 2 – George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (b. 1826)
- November 20 – Sir John Fowler, British civil engineer (b. 1817)
- December 24 – Sharbel Makhluf, Lebanese monk (b. 1828)




-Morro Castle, Havana Harbor. 00694250. Thomas Edison. Archived from the original on 2009-05-27. "Filmed ca. March 17 to April 1, 1898"  Morro Castle (fortress) downloadable videos. (1898 Morro Castle, Havana Harbor, YouTube stream. Thomas Edison. Archived from the original on 2009-05-09.  needs Flash)
-1898 U S Battleship Indiana. Thomas Edison.  view of USS Indiana (BB-1) (needs Flash)
-1898 Transport Ship Whitney Leaving Dock. Thomas Edison. "1898-05-20"  (needs Flash)
-1898 10th U.S. Infantry, 2nd Battalion leaving Train. Thomas Edison. "1898-05-20"  view of 10th U.S. Infantry, 2nd Battalion (needs Flash)
-1898 U.S. Cavalry Supplies Unloading at Tampa, Florida. Thomas Edison. "1898-05-20"  view of Tampa, Florida (needs Flash)
-1898 Military Camp at Tampa, taken from train. Thomas Edison. "1898-05-20"  view of Tampa, Florida (needs Flash)
-1898 Cuban Refugees Waiting for Rations. Thomas Edison. "1898-05-20"  (needs Flash)
-1898 Colored Troops Disembarking. Thomas Edison. "1898-05-20"  (needs Flash)
-1898 Troops Ship for the Philippines. Thomas Edison. "June 1898"  (needs Flash)
-1898 U.S. troops landing at Daiquirí, Cuba. Thomas Edison. "1898-08-05"  view of Daiquirí after the United States invasion of Cuba in the Spanish–American War (needs Flash)
-1898 Major General Shafter. Thomas Edison. "1898-08-05"  view of Major General Shafter (needs Flash)
-1898 Troops making road in front of Santiago. Thomas Edison. "1898-09-03"  view of Santiago (needs Flash)
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